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Reality Roots
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Senses

Wave Detectors of External Experiences
Seeing Hearing Feeling Tasting Smelling
Vision
eyeeye

Opitcal System
(where a visual image is formed)
Lens: by changing its shape, the lens changes the focal distance within the eye.
That is, it focuses the light rays that pass through it and onto the retina to create
clear images of objects. It works with the cornea to refact, or bend light.

Retina: a layer at the back of the eyeball containing cells sensitive to light.
Lignt triggers nerve impulses that pass via the optic nerve to the brain.

Optic Nerve: each of the second pair of cranial nerves, transmitting impulses
to the brain from the retina at the back of the eye.

Optic Chiasma: the X-shaped structure formed at the point below the brain
where the two optic nerves cross over each other.
Optic Tract: a continuation of the optic nerve that relays information from the optic chiasm
to the ipsilateral lateral geniculate nucleus, pretectal nuclei, and superior colliculus.

Lateral Geniculate Nucleus: a relay center in the Thalamus for the Visual pathways.
It receives a major sensory input from the retina.
The LGN is the main central connection for the optic nerve to the occipital lobe.
Each LGN has six layers of neurons (grey matter) alternating with optic fibers (white matter).

Optic Radiation: also known as the geniculocalcarine tract, the geniculostriate pathway, and posterior thalamic radiation.
These are axons from neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus to the primary visual cortex.

Visual Cortex: the part of the cerebral cortex that receives and processes
sensory nerve impulses from the eyes.

Visual Association Cortex: association cortex is the cerbral cortex outside the primary areas. It is essential for mental functions that are more complex than detecting basic dimensions of sensory stimulation. It is the most developed part of the the brain in general.

Hearing & Balance

Ear Anatomy

Audio & Vestibular(balance)System
Hearing: auditory perception, or audition is the ability of the Ear organ to perceive sound
by detecting vibration changes of pressue in the surrounding medium.
Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous matter.

Ear Mechanism: The human ear is divided into three parts.
1. the outer ear 2. the middle ear 3. the inner ear
Outer Ear: the external portion of the ear, consisting of the pinna and external auditory meatus. Sound, in form of pressure energy focuses on the eardrum (tympanic membrane).
Middle Ear: the air-filled central cavity of the ear, behind the eardrum.
The middle ear begins what is named the eardrum at the end of the ear canal.
The middle ear contains three (3) tiny bones, called the ossicles.
These three bones form a connection from the eardrum to the inner ear.
Inner Ear: the inner ear contains the sensory organs of hearing and balance.
The
cochlea is the hearing mechanism of the inner ear.
The
vestibular is the balace mechanism of the inner ear.
Tasting
(savoring)
Tounge
Tounge
The sense that distinguishes the sweet, sour, salty, and bitter qualities of dissolved substances in contact with the taste buds on the tongue.
This sense in combination with the senses of smell and touch, which together receive a sensation of a substance in the mouth
.Taste qualities are limited to: salt, sour, bitter,
and sweet.
Smelling
(olfaction)
Nose
Nose
The sense that enables one to detect odors.
Small particles carried with inhaled air, stimulate
this sense organ.
It is important not only for the detection of odors, but for the enjoyment of food.
Flavor is a blend of
taste and smell.




Touching
(Feeling)
Hand
Hand
Touch is defined
as a human act.
An act when a person will hold, caress, feel or
otherwise encounter something with your hand.

To touch is to use your hand to feel, move, operate or otherwise encounter something. Feeling is not limited to the hand, but functions through out the body.

Below is a collection of Videos explaning the Senses

 

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