Reality Roots

Conjugate Pair

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Reality Roots
Shape of Nature
Reality
Nature's Symphony from the Vibrating Waves of TimeSpace
Dancing Entities to the Rhythm of Emergence
"Classical" Systems Waltzing on Space Waves Turbulent Jitterbug Particles in "Quantum" Time

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PARTICLE
Elementary Particles
Based on the Standard Model Theory
Elementary particles are basic entity particles,
particles that are not composed of other particles.
They exhibit duality -- Particle/Wave.
(Wave Integer defines the quantum of energy per Particle.)
(Spin defines the Standing Wave.)


Families and sub-families of Elementary particles are classified
according to their Spin.
Fermions have half-integer (1/2) Spin that takes up Space.
Bosons have integer (1) Spin that exert force.

Science describes Elementary Particles as indivisible, that is, not made of smaller particles with no internal structure, (see Preons at bottom of this page).
Further, Science describes particles as being points. The Schrodinger Equation states that particles have duality, that is, they are both a particle & a wave.
Could it be that with better measuring technology and advanced research, science will restate their description of particles?


Fermion

Fermions are the basic building blocks of matter.
Fermion particles are alike. They obey the Pauli Exclusion principle.
Identical fermions cannot occupy the same space.

All known fermions are dirac fermions, named after Paul Dirac.
The Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation describing elementary spin 1/2 particle with distinct antiparticle.

Full Integer Wave

Full Integer Wave

Fermion
Particle is Blue

Fermion

Antiparticle is Red

1/2 of Full Integer
Standing Wave

1/2 Integer Wave
Bottom 1/2 of a
Full Standing Wave
restrained & folded back



What is Antimatter?
Elementary Fermions
Family consists of Twelve (12) Types
(Could the unstable particles be Wave Harmonics)
QUARK & ANTIQUARK
Stable High Energy
Unstable
Higher Energy
Unstable
Up Charm Top
Down Strange Bottom

LEPTON & ANTILEPTON
Stable High Energy
Unstable
Higher Energy
Unstable
Electron Muon Tau
Electron Neutrino Muon Neutrino Tau Neutrino

The Standard Model of Particle Physics

Boson

Bosons are the force carrier particles
of TimeSpace Reality.

Bosons contrast with Fermions, in as much as, "two or more fermions cannot occupy the same quantum state". Bosons with the same energy, however, can occupy the same place in space. As such, bosons are understood to be force carrier particles, while fermions are associated with matter.

Bosons may be either elementary, such as photons or composite like mesons.

Bosons have integer spin, fermions have half-integer spin in accordance with the spin-statistics theorem.

Most bosons are composite particles.
The Standard Model defines five elementary bosons -- four gauge and the Higgs:

Photons, carry the electromagnetic interaction.
W & Z, carry the weak interaction.
Gluons, carry the strong interaction.
Higgs, is thought to provide mass.
Additionally, the Graviton, a hypothetical elementary particle not incorporated in the Standard Model, if it exists, must be a boson, and conceivably be a gauge boson.
The Graviton Boson has 2 Integer Spin

Integer Sin

Matter Stucture
Inside Atoms -- Quarks

Preon
(Preons are postulated "point-like particles" conceived to be subcomponents of quarks and leptons, however, no direct experimental evidence for lepton and quark compositeness has been found).
------------------------------------------------------
Recent experiments with Particle Accelerators, such as LHC (Large Hadron Collider) has lead Physcists to propose various concepts for Preons -- the particles that might make up quarks and other elementary particles
Preons are thought to be of two (2) kind -- fermions, that make up matter &
bosons, that are the particles of force.

Two Preons, represented by a plus (+) and a zero (0) are thought to be the consitiuents that make up the particles of the Standard Model.
Particle charge: (+)=plus (1/3) charge & (O)=zero charge
Antiparticle charge: -=-1/3
Particles of Matter
Fermion

Particle
-----------------

Electron

 

Charge
----------------

-1

Preon Content
-----------------------

---

 



Particles of Force
Boson

Particle
------------------


Charge
------------------
Preon content
-------------------------


The Data above is Incomplete

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