Reality Roots

Conjugate Pair

Existence & Form
Time & Space
Frequency & Wavelength

Reality Roots
Shape of Nature
Nature's Symphony from the Vibrating Waves of TimeSpace
Dancing Entities to the Rhythm of Emergence
"Classical" Systems Waltzing on Space Waves Turbulent Jitterbug Particles in "Quantum" Time

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Celestial Bodies








A Particle is an Entity, a thing of TimeSpace Reality.
A Thing of the Universe with Existence & Form.
These Entities are what humans have named "Particles".
They are both waves & particles, a fundamental entity of the quantum state.
Particles form composite to become fundamental matter.
These are the building blocks of all the composite things of the Universe,
atoms, molecules, vegetation, animals and yes, even humans.
All beings (things) consist of particles of Energy.
Energy that assume many different forms.
The Story of Particles
A fundamental Entity exhibits duality of both a Wave & a Particle.
They are a very small packet of Energy with the properties of Time & Space (Wave).
Not only do they Oscillate as a Wave, but they Spin with angular momentum.
Within the nature of the Wave is produced polarity (particle & antiparticle).
From the Spin property a particle exhibits a Magnetic Field.
Particles exist in two forms (classes).
Each of these classes consists of subatomic particles.
A Fermion is the particle that takes up space, has mass and is visible matter.
Bosons are the particles that are fields that carry force.





Substance of Energy

Energed in
that posses
(existence & form)





Energy the Substance
Quantum Packet


Time & Space

as a

to become
Visible Particle
Invisible Field



In the material world Einstein explained that physical entities arise in SpaceTime,
a four (4) dimensional environment, Length, Width, Depth & Time.
Particle/Waves are the emerged Entities in SpaceTime.
that are relative and limited to the speed of light.
From Einstein's realm of relativity, Mass can be equated
to Energy via the equation
Max Planck, originator of quantum theory, revolutionized the understanding of atomic
and subatomic processes, just as Einstein's theory of relativity revolutionized
the understanding of space and time.
Among the many contributions from Planck, as the originator of quantum mechanics,
was the concept of discrete energy packets, quantum, named particles..

It was Erwin Schrodinger who formulated the wave mechanics equation which
described the nature of a particle to posses duality as both a particle and a wave.

All entities, regardless of their nature,
either as a fermion, with characteristics different than the characteristics of boson,
posses the substance that has emerged as
Energy from TimeSpace.
They carry the properties of time and space, with differing Attributes and
manifest as
waves to emerge as particles .



A particle is a very, very small subatomic entity.

The dot below represents a particle magnified
1,000,000,000 times





Particles are quantum packets of Energy possessing the properties of Time & Space.


Standing Wave image is that of a fermion
Top wave is 1/2 integer,
the Particle

Quantumn Wave

Bottom wave is 1/2 integer,
the Antiparticle

1/2 integer Spin
particle & antiparticle
complete the
SpaceTime increment


Standing Waves
are constrained in their form by the limits of their nature as packets.
By definition a constrained form that is a procedure
(wave dynamic)
emerges through the phenomena of emergence to become something other than the properties that are its roots.
"Waves become Particles"

(see Emergence page)


Particle Magnified
1 billion, billion, billion times


Quantized Spin
results in
Spin States


Angular Momentum
rotates about the quantized dimensions of plus (+) or minus (-) axis of
Height - Length - Depth

Einstein's theories of Relativity established the bases of SpaceTime. Further, it postulated that the dynamics of all things of the SpaceTime Universe are limited to the speed-of-light. Thus the speed-of-light became basic increment upon which all things (i.e. fermion & boson) are limited.

Max Planck's quantum mechanic's concept quantized Energy in discrete packets of quantized waves that conform to the limits of SpaceTime. The Planck Constant has been generalized to represent the proportionality between the momentum and the quantum wavelength of not just the photon, but any particle .

Time represents the increment of speed-of-light

Particles of matter have 1/2 integer Spin.

When energy converts to mass (matter) it requires two time increments "c2".
E = mc2

Particles of force have
full (1) integer Spin.

Wave image above represents the full cycle of wavelength
of a force particle


Schrodinger's Equation
States that quantum packets are both
Particle & Wave
Blue represents the

Wave Duality
Red represents the

Quantum packets (standing waves of energy) are particles with the structure of a constrained Standing Wave. Duality prevails from unity of the entity as a particle of integrated wave oscillation.

Particles exhibit additional attributes:
Fermions exhibit Mass & respond to Gravity.
Bosons manifest as Fields & exert force.


Charge is the fundamental property of forms of matter that exhibit electrostatic attraction or repulsion in the presence of other matter. Electric charge is a characteristic property of many subatomic particles. The charges of free-standing particles are integer multiples of the elementary charge and is quantized.

Charged particles whose charges have the same sign repel one another, and particles whose charges have different signs attract.

The charge of an antiparticle equals that of the corresponding particle, but with opposite sign.

Magnetic Field

Particles with spin may possess a magnetic dipole moment just as rotating electrically charged body exhibit in classical electro- dynamics. These magnetic moments have been experimentally observed as deflections in a Sterm-Gertach experiment by measuring the magnetic fields generated by the particles themselves.

magnetic field

Angular Momentum
Inherent within particle waves is quantized Spin.

Angular momentum or rotational momentum is a vector quantity that represents the product of a body's rotational inertia and rotational velocity about a particular axis.
Angular momentum is conserved in a system where there is no net external torque, and its conservation helps explain many diverse phenomena. For example, the increase in rotational speed of a spinning figure skater as the skater's arms are contracted is a consequence of conservation of angular momentum. The very high rotational rates of neutron stars can also be explained in terms of angular momentum conservation. Moreover, angular momentum conservation has numerous applications in physics and engineering (e.g., the gyrocompass).

Angular Momentum
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