Reality Roots

Conjugate Pair

Existence & Form
Time & Space
Frequency & Wavelength

Reality Roots
Shape of Nature
Nature's Symphony from the Vibrating Waves of TimeSpace
Dancing Entities to the Rhythm of Emergence
"Classical" Systems Waltzing on Space Waves Turbulent Jitterbug Particles in "Quantum" Time

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Celestial Bodies








"Acquired Knowledge is the product of Humility -- Pretentious Brilliance is the product of Conceit"
Humility breeds Brillance while Arrogance breeds Ignorance

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Process of the Brain

Most scientist and philosophers agree that the mind consists of conscious experience and intelligent processes. However, the mind is understood in many different ways by many different traditions.

Adult experience ordinarily does not contain sensations as such. Deliberate cognitive experience either is perceptual, that is, containing sensations as a integrated part, or it is extra-perceptual as receding more or less from sensations in what is called day-dreaming, remembering, creative imagination, scientific study, etc. This mental activity is either abstractions from or at least beyond sensation.

Even animals, different as they are from humans, lacking rational activities, do exhibit knowledge over
and above sense knowledge. They are aware when they are hungry, wag their tail when they remember friendly people, bark at strangers, react to pain and pressure when their tail is stepped upon.

Thought is the act of the mind that permits human beings to experience the reality of things in the world. It is through the thought process that humans interpret these experience in significant ways to meet their needs, accomplish their goals, enact their plans, satisfy their desires and meet their ends.

Thinking is the cognitive function involving the interpretation of symbols (stop sign) and linguistic symbolism (metaphors, similes) in the meditation of ideas, data analysis, forming of concepts, solving of problems, reasoning and making decisions. Humans call this mental activity deliberation, cognition, ideation, discourse and imagination, etc.

The mind is never at rest. Even in sleep we dream and many times work through the problems of the day, only to wake and to reconciled a problem at hand. Thus we have come to use the phrase,"I'm going to sleep on it".

Consciousness is the epitome of mental activity. It enables humans to be aware of oneself and the one's environment.


Sub topics: Substance dualism -- Property dualism -- Non-reductive physicalism
Epiphenomenalism -- Predicate dualism

In "philosophy of mind", dualism is the assumption that mental phenomena are, in some respects,non-physical or that the mind and body are not identical. It encompasses a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter, and is contrasted with other positions,
namely, "physicalism".

Aristotle agreed with Plato's view of multiple souls,
detailing a hierarchical arrangement of the distinctive functions of plants, animals and people. This nutritive soul of growth and metabolism, that all three share,
also included a perceptive soul of pain, pleasure and desire, shared only by people and other animals, while the faculty of reason being unique to people only. In this view, a soul is in the "hylomorphic" form (early Greek philosophers beleived that all matter was animated) of a viable organism. each level of the hierarchy formally supervenes upon the substance of the preceding level. For Aristotle, all three souls perish when the living organism dies. With Plato however, the soul was not dependent on the physical body; he believed in "metempsychosis", the migration of the soul to a new physical body.

Dualism is closely associated with the philosophy of Rene Descartes, who held that the mind is a nonphysical substance. Descartes clearly identified the mind with consciousness and self-awareness, distinguishing the the brain as the seat of intelligence. Descartes was the first to formulate the "mind-body problem" in the form in which it exists today.

Dualism is contrasted with various kinds of "monism".

Substance dualism is contrasted with all forms of materialism.

Propery dualism may be considered a form of emergent materialism or non-reductive physicalism.

Findings in neurosicienc concerning the "mind-body problem" do not support dualism, while the assumptions of "physicalism" seems to prevail.

Arguments have been made for and against each form of dualism.


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