Reality Roots

Conjugate Pair

Existence & Form
Time & Space
Frequency & Wavelength

Reality Roots
Shape of Nature
Nature's Symphony from the Vibrating Waves of TimeSpace
Dancing Entities to the Rhythm of Emergence
"Classical" Systems Waltzing on Space Waves Turbulent Jitterbug Particles in "Quantum" Time

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Celestial Bodies








Rhythm of Reality
Fundamental Dynamic of Reality

Phenomena is an observable occurrence often understood through experience and involving "qualia", subjective consciousness or awareness.

Immauel Kant, influenced by Leibniz, contrasted phenomena with
noumenon, "a thing-in-itself", (Identity).

Emergence Contemporary:

The contemporary interpretation of emergence finds meaning in a dynamic, a coming out, becoming visible or apparent.

The Michael Angelo story describing how Michael Angelo sculpted the statue David provides insight into the contemporary interpretation of emergence. The story goes like this. When asked of Michael as to how he sculpted the statue, he answered by saying, ".....the image of David existed within the rock, all I did was to cut away the excess stone and the image emerged".

The David

Emergence, the Phenomena:

The phenomena of emergence, understood in the every day world of human inhabitance, is defined as a constrained generated procedure.
But what pray tell does that mean?

Science has come to recognize the phenomena of emergence with more interest over the past two decades, but as of this time in the advancement of science there is no organized scientific discipline established. The Santa Fe Institute-- New Mexico, has been in the forefront of this endeavor, notably John H. Holland and his research on complex adaptive systems.

No person need be a rocket scientist to recognize that there is a multiplicity of things in the world and that these many things are diverse in their nature, complex in their makeup and related in their activity.

The human inquisitive nature of man, in pondering these observations, has stimulated the study of how and why such diversity of things relate in their activity. These efforts have culminated in the study of complex adaptive systems, "complexity". Out of the study of complexity has come forth an understanding of what is called the "the theory of emergence" a phenomena. Scientist have discovered that in certain systems (physical, chemical, biological) containing diverse things, that are connected, related and are adaptable, organize without direction, to produce a result that is entirely different than any of the diverse constituents that inhabit that system. They organize, without direction, so to speak from the bottom up. Further, they follow rules that are defined by a constrained generated procedure (a dynamic process that is limited).

This phenomena, viewable in everyday life, is recognizable to anyone who takes the time to witness some of the strange effects in our universe and particularly here on earth. The strangeness of the effect appears in the absence of an external ordered cause, or for that matter an internal sufficient cause. Why do things come about in a manner that is not directed according to predetermined procedure or issued authority? By a leader guiding action to satisfy a need or perform a necessary act, These effects may be viewed with a great deal of interest and an appreciation of their results. However, in addition, such a phenomena, so radically diverse in its dynamics, could seem to have much more significance in procedures controlling the actions of fundamental immaterial things, such as consciousness, or even more fundamental, the principles of existence and form from which emerges being.

The dynamics of Quantum Mechanics has been somewhat of a mystery to science. Even the Universe itself, in the fundamental concepts of motion and relativity, has science only recently, better understood the macro world through Einstein's theories. However, science continues to wrestle with a reconciliation of the inconsistencies of the quantum micro world and that of the macro world.

The phenomena of emergence is best described simplistically as, "self-organization from the bottom up"-- dissimilar things which are related as "constrained generated procedures" produce different things in-kind from the parts or constituents that produce them. The effect of emergence in diverse environments seems quite similar to emergence with conjugate pair that produces a thing that is totally different, a manifested entity. The dynamic of emergence is apparent in the entity called the Universe. From Time & Space emerges Energy, which in turn emerges the multitude of particles that collectively form the composites of all the things humans have come to experience.. What is produced is novel in its manifestation and attributes. Emergence exhibits characteristics that are radically novel, with integrated coherence, maintainable over periods of time that demonstrate a wholeness. A dynamical process that is manifestly demonstrative.

See "Difference Theory": Emergence described as the fundamental process of Reality of the "coming to be"
of an Identity from its limits, the pair difference, constraing the process to form the basic structure of Reality and all Identities posseseing that basic structure, the Things of Reality.

David Chalmers on Emergence


Root Emergence: Metaphysical

Root emergence is Transcendental & Ubiquitous, that is, found everywhere both immaterially and materially. Root emerence (from pair difference) is fundamental to all things in Reality's nature, its dynamic act. As such it can be called "The Emergence of Simplicity". This phenomena is the cause of change in all things and the fundamental principle from which emerges Substance. From the dissimilar conjugate pair, Existence & Form, the properties of all Substance, emerges a manifested Entity, a Thing. Existence, a dynamic, generates a procedure that is constrained (limited) by Form (differences) to produce Substance, a basic principle, fromwhich comes all Entities with their attributes to manifest in their Essence.

Root Emergence: Scientific

Micro level emergence is witnessed in two scientific environments -- Expansion of the Universe & Time.





Universe Root Emergence
Early science concerned itself with the things in the Universe and not much about the Universe itself. It was considered to be a stationary environment and there were those who thought that the Universe might collapse upon itself. Even Einstein with his "static universe model" proposed a static universe neither expanding nor contracting. In 1917 Einstein added a positive cosmological constant to his equations of general relativity to counteract the attractive effects of gravity on ordinary matter. Without this constant, Einstein equations indicated that the universe would otherwise collapse of expand forever.

In 1928 Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe is in fact not static, but expanding. In particular, Hubble discovered a relationship between red shift and distance, which has formed the bases for the modern interpretation of the expansion. Upon confirmation of Hubble's discovery Einstein withdrew his constant stating, "this is the worse blunder of my career".

That the universe is expanding is a proven fact, but there remains the question what is the cause of the expansion. See the page (Universe) on this web site. This page provides details about the emergence of the universe, how out of Time (process of the universe) and its conjugate Space, Form (structure of the universe), These Universe properties are the constituents of emergence, manifested in Evolution.

Quantum Emergence:(strong)
Micro level emergence occurs in the Universe at the Quantum level. When Substance, from a principle, emerges as an immaterial property bearer, it carries forth root properties of time & space (Existence & Form), along with Substance Attributes to manifest as Energy. The property of Existence manifests as an Act of Existence in Energy, while Form manifests as Structure (wave). Energy, the Substance, posses Attributes that manifest as various characteristics of Energy. The root conjugate pair fulfill the requirement of the essential properties of the emerged Entity, Energy, while the Attributes provide the various characteristics of Energy. There are numerous examples of Quantum Emergence in what Einstein named SpaceTime (see page SpaceTime). In the Quantum world particles emerge in SpaceTime in the duality of particles and waves. These are standing waves, who by their nature as quantum packets are constrained by being quantified standing waves.
Particles classify as a fermion, the particle that takes up space and makes up matter or a boson, a field, the force carrier. Their spin characteristics are the angular momentum manifestation of the waves from which they emerge.

Murray Gell-Mann On Emergence


Complex Emergence:
Self-organization at the macro level rises according to a different set of basic rules. These rules conform to the characteristics of emergence, that is, a generating procedure is constrained. Macro level emergence comes about when a multiplicity of diverse entities that are associated in a pattern (connected, inter-related and adaptable, different pair limits of an Identity) then constrained.

Complex systems and patterns arise out of a multiplicity of relatively simple interaction as they comply to a set of rules. However, these rules or laws do not effect or are not the cause in the constrained generation or the procedure (See Complexity)

Rules for Classical emergence:
1. Multiplicity of entities - 2. Connected - 3. Inter-related - 4. Adaptable

1. Multiplicity of entities - 2. Connected

Numerous examples in daily lives can be observed. Emergence occurs in Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems.

pictures courtesy Wikipedia "complexity"

Snowflacks Strong Emergence


The concept of Emergence was discussed as far back as Aristotle. However, it was G.H. Lewes (April 1817 to Nov. 1878), an English philosopher and literature critic, who came up with the term "emergence". From about 1853 Lewes became interested in the biological science and some of his suggestions on the doctrine of functional indifference of the nervous system were accepted, From these writings he gained credibility. As a pioneer psychologist he wrote:

"Every resultant is either a sum or a difference of the co-operant forces; their sum, when their directions are the same -- their difference, when their directions are contrary. Further, every resultant is clearly traceable in its components, because these are homogeneous and commensurable. It is otherwise with emergent's, when, instead of adding measurable motion to measurable motion, or things of one kind to other individuals of their kind, there is a co-operation of things of unlike kinds. The emergent is unlike its components insofar as these are incommensurable, and it cannot be reduced to their sum or their difference." (Lewes 1875, p. 412)(Blitz 1992)

Some of the great minds of the 19th Century i.e. John Stuart Mills and into the early 20th Century, Julian Huxley expressed interest in emergence. During the mid 20th Century inquiring minds began to take up the question of emergence without realizing the magnitude of the problem. They simply did not understand the forces of self-organization. As the challenge moved on the problem overwhelmed these minds. When conventional disciplines were applied the results lead nowhere. Scientists were looking for a cause or causes external or at least what is recognized as an intelligence from a top-down order, much like what is understood in an executive organization. Their observations,as they graveled with the problem, followed various avenues of research. Along the paths they turned their insight upon the activity of slime mold and ant colonies. Neither of these organisms manifested what might be considered intelligence, yet they displayed self-organization. The Queen Ant was not directing the function of the Ant Colony, her function, to populate the colony. Yet these lowly creatures, without any known intelligence, displayed an adaptability to organize.

In the spring of 1968, Evelyn Fox Keller together with Lee Segal began to collaborate in their study of Slime Mold. Their research lead to mysterious discoveries in the behavior of the mold. Slime mold spends most of its life as thousand of distinct single celled biological units that move independent. Under hostile environments (hot dry conditions) these single cells come together as a means of survival and move about as a group consuming rotting leaves and wood as it moves around. When condition improve they separated again to make it on their own. Slime mold swings between single creatures and swarms according to their need to survive, self-organization.

Ant & Termite colonies, insects of a higher order with greater mobility, organize according to the needs of the colony. Without any intelligent direction they tend to the food supply with designated insects as gathers, buries of the dead, builders of bridges, etc. communicating via Pheromone, Pheromone is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species that impacts the behavior of the receiving individual.

EXAMPLES: Slime Mold - Ant & Termite Colonies - Evolution - Rise of Cities & Towns Consciousness (entities are neurons) - ripples in sand dunes - water crystals - convection liquid & gas -mass - Higgs boson - in chemistry - in biology and many, many more examples of emergence exhibit in our world.
Slim Mold Ant Colony Termite Catherdral
Slime Mold Ant colony Termite Cathedral
School of Fish Galaxie Geese Formation
Schools of Fish Galaxies Geese Formation
Neuron Brain Mind
Neuron Brain Mind

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