Reality Roots

Conjugate Pair

Existence & Form
Time & Space
Frequency & Wavelength

Reality Roots
Shape of Nature
Nature's Symphony from the Vibrating Waves of TimeSpace
Dancing Entities to the Rhythm of Emergence
"Classical" Systems Waltzing on Space Waves Turbulent Jitterbug Particles in "Quantum" Time

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Celestial Bodies








Celestial Bodies
Celestial bodies, the largest Entities of TimeSpace Reality, are Ordinary Matter.
Cosmic Journey
TimeSpace reality embodies a wealth of things from the smallest particle to the gigantic galaxies. Each entity emerges from the identical roots of Time & Space.




A Star is a massive, luminous sphere of plasma held together by gravity.
Modern astronomy defines an area of celestial spheres as a constellation. Constellations share Greek-Roman names, i.e. Orion, Leo & Scorpios. Of the 88 modern constellations, 36 lie in the northern sky, while 52 lie in the southern sky.



A galaxy is a massive, gravitationally bound system consisting of stars, stellar remnants and interstellar medium of gas and dust together with Dark Matter. Galaxies scale from dwarfs (ten million stars)
(hundred trillion stars).
Data suggests that super massive black holes may exist at the center of many, if not all, galaxies.




A planet is a celestial body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, yet not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion. Planets are captured by the gravity of a Star and rotate about that Star. Such is the Earth upon which humans inhabit. Earth rotates around a Star called the Sun.
Hubble Telescope view of the Universe

Why Stars burn bright & hang together
A star is a massive, luminous sphere of plasma.
Plasma is a state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion
of the particles ionizes and hold together by gravity.

Gravity forces clouds of gases to coalesce into a sphere.
Celestial bodies form as spheres because of the angular momentum of the mass

exerts force toward the center while gravity on the mass forces equally upon the outer bounds of the mass which results in a sphere.

A star begins as a collapsing cloud of material composed primarily of hydrogen,
along with helium and trace amounts of heavier elements. For at least a portion
of a stars life, a star shines due to thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium in
its core. Once the stellar core is sufficiently dense, hydrogen becomes steadily converted into helium through nuclear fusion, releasing energy in the process.
Fusion is due to immense gravity pressure releasing energy in conversion
of hydrogen.The remainder of the star's interior carries energy away from the core through a combination of outer bonds and convective processes.
The star's internal pressure prevents it from collapsing further under its own gravity. Once the hydrogen fuel at the core is exhausted, a star with at least 0.4 times the mass of the Sun expands to become a red giant, in some cases fusing heavier elements at the core or in shells around the core.
The star then evolves into a degenerate form, recycling a portion of its matter
into the interstellar environment, where it will form a new generation of stars
with a higher proportion of heavy elements.
Meanwhile, the core becomes a stellar remnant:
a White dwarf, a Neutron star, or (if it is sufficiently massive) a Black Hole.

Given the enormous number of Stars, it is anyone's guess as to the number of Planets or to the fact if any of those Planets are inhabited by biological creatures.
Where in the Heavens will we find Human's home?


Gravity , Gravity
how could we hang together without you!


Explosions ignite the heavenly night
Across the vast skies an image belies
This scene that is seen, with the naked eye
Barely reveals --just a glimmer of light
Distance defies, we can only surmise
Huge number of stars, inhabit the sky

Some stars are quite bright, a few almost white
While those that are dark, are near their demise
No one can deny --such a force imply
A Heaven created, controlled by might
Could only be caused, by a Power --wise

As we gaze in the sky, we wonder why
From whence did they come, these stars in the sky
Are the stars alive, does their veins flow blood?
They shine, they align, design we define
They light up the sky when shooting stars fly
Every night can be seen, stars in the bud
Compressed by gravity, gases combine

Began the Big Bang, emerged, then expand
As matter, splattered, it gather as stars
In Clusters, Galaxies, Constellations
Across the wide sky they march in demand In fashion so grand,
in billions of stars
Parade cross the sky for generations

Matter, a mystery, seen universal
Composed of atoms --electrons, protons
Whirling and swirling, like little phantoms
Sharing, bonding, in bundled dispersal
Chemical compounds, the light from photons
A Universe so vast, filled with atoms

Quarks and leptons, these parts of atoms
In particles form, bases of matter
Together blend in twenty-four flavors
Protons and neutrons from Quarks, shape atoms
Electrons, the Leptons, scurry and scatter
Pairs that make matter, the universe savors

Six different quarks with their “up” and their “down”
Groups bind in hadrons, mesons and baryons
Relish their flavor, their spin and color
Their valence changes when turning around
Momentum conveyed, switching with bosons
Hard to imagine things any smaller

Yet Giants are these stars, made from this matter
In galaxies form, that cling together
A scene so bizarre,
who could be their czar
Expanding Cosmos, in billions of stars
Swirling, burning --each photon emitter
Scattering light in the heavens afar

Radiates bright from pulsars and quasars
Much can be learned from starlight in travel
At ultimate speed from distance so far
Through Doppler effect, we know direction
Serves to resolve, this mystery unravel
Photons bear, the signature of a star

Spectrum color, element selection
Whence does it come this spectrum of color
And why does matter cling together?
So vast the masses, these stars in the sky
Combined are the gases, from out of the squalor
Attracts, coalesces, coming together

A heavenly glow we cannot deny
Nature's four forces, as fields are defined
Gravity, Magnetic, Strong and the Weak
Each has its purpose in the scheme of things
Together keep, the Universe aligned
We wonder sublime, we humans so meek

We wrestle to know, from whence it all springs
From Existence and Form, emerges all
Conjugate pair in dynamical dance
That Bang the Cosmos into Time & Space
An ever expanding, Energy sprawl
Root of all things in reality prance

"Soul of the Universe" in all its grace
Gravity, the binder, holds things in place
One might say –“The Soul of the Universe”
Heavenly stars -- rotation, gyration
Which science calls, "the curvature of space"
This mighty force, stretching the universe


Galaxies are massive bodies, consisting of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas and dust, bound by gravity, with an important, but poorly understood component called dark matter. Galaxies range in size from as few as ten million stars to giants with a hundred trillion stars, each orbiting the galaxy's own center of mass.

Galaxy Galaxy

Galaxies contain varying amounts of star systems, star clusters and types of interstellar clouds. In between these objects is a sparse interstellar medium of gas, dust, and cosmic rays. Dark matter appears to account for around 90% of the mass of most galaxies.
Observational data suggests that super massive black holes may exist at the center of many,
if not all, galaxies.
They are thought to be the primary driver of active galactic nuclei found at the core of some galaxies.
The Milky Way galaxy appears to harbor at least one such object.

Galaxies have been historically categorized according to their apparent shape; usually referred to as their visual morphology.
A common form is the elliptical galaxy
which has an ellipse-shaped light profile.
Spiral galaxies are disk-shaped with dusty, curving arms.
Those with irregular or unusual shapes are known as irregular galaxies and typically originate from disruption by the gravitational pull of neighboring galaxies.
Such interactions between nearby galaxies,
which may ultimately result in a merging, sometimes induce significantly increased incidents of star formation leading to star burst galaxies.
Smaller galaxies lacking a coherent structure
are referred to as irregular galaxies.

There are probably more than 170 billion (1.7 × 1011) galaxies in the observable Universe. Most are 1,000 to 100,000 parsecs
(The parsec symbol pc, is a unit of length used in astronomy. It is about 3.26 light-years, which is about 30.9 trillion (3.09×1013) kilometers or about 19.2 trillion (1.92×1013) miles)
in diameter and usually separated by distances on the order of millions of parsecs (or megaparsecs).
Intergalactic space (the space between galaxies) is filled with a tenuous gas of an average density less than one atom per cubic meter. The majority of galaxies are organized into a hierarchy of associations known as groups and clusters, which, in turn usually form larger super clusters. At the largest scale, these associations are generally arranged into sheets and filaments, which are surrounded by immense voids.

The Milky Way Galaxy is the Galaxy home
of the solar system.

Milky Way MW Location
Solar System Star
The Solar Star -- "The Sun",
that warms the human planet "Earth",
is classified as a
Yellow Dwarf Star.

The term dwarf star refers to a variety of distinct classes of main-sequence stars,
with a luminosity of Class "V".
Dwarf Star classes are further divided into two distinct groups: stars that are either much brighter than the Sun, or much fainter. To distinguish these groups, they are called "giant"or "dwarf".
Scope of the term "dwarf":
Red dwarf is a low-mass star
Yellow dwarf has a mass comparable
to that of the Sun
Blue dwarf is a very low mass star
that increases temperature
as it nears the end of its lifetime.
White dwarf of electron-degenerated
matter in the final stage of evolution,
but not massive enough to collapse
into a neutron star or undergo a Type II supernova, 9 times less the mass of the Sun.
Black dwarf is a white dwarf cooled
sufficiently to no longer emit visible light.
Brown dwarf, not massive enough to fuse hydrogen into helium, about .08 a solar mass, more than 13 Jupiter masses.


Main Sequence Star

How significant do you think you are?
Putting things in perspective

Earth is the third (3) planet from the Sun in what humans call our Solar system.
The Sun is classified as a Yellow Dwarf.
The Earth is believed to be 4.6 billion years old.
The Sun lies in an outer spiral of the Milky Way Galaxy.
Material structures and Biological things are composites
of the particles, atoms and molecular structures
that form the many physical and living things existing on Earth.

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